The following Terms and Conditions of Sale constitute Jackson Hole Art Auction, LLC’s (“Jackson Hole Art Auction”) and its agents’ and consignors’ entire agreement with prospective bidders, bidders and purchasers relative to the property listed in this catalogue. These Terms and Conditions of Sale and all other contents of this catalog are subject to amendment during or before the sale. The property will be offered by the Jackson Hole Art Auction as agent for the consignors, unless the catalogue indicates otherwise.
1. Jackson Hole Art Auction operates as an agent of the seller only. It is not responsible in the event any buyer or seller at the auction fails to live up to their respective agreements, including failure of the seller to deliver any property to buyers. The Jackson Hole Art Auction assumes no risk, liability, or responsibility beyond the limited warranty contained herein.
a. All property is sold “AS IS.” There are no representations or warranties that extend beyond these Terms and Conditions of Sale. All works shall be available for examination prior to the sale. The Jackson Hole Art Auction, and its agents and consignors, make no representations or warranties as to merchantability, fitness for a particular purpose, correctness of the catalogue or description, including, but not limited to, the authenticity, physical condition, size, quality, rarity, importance, medium, provenance, dates, exhibitions, literary or historical relevance of any property, and, no statement anywhere, whether oral or written, whether made in the catalogue, an advertisement, a bill of sale, a salesroom posting or announcement, or elsewhere shall be deemed such a warranty, representation or assumption of liability. Nor are there any representations and warranties, express or implied, as to whether the purchaser acquires any copyrights, including, but not limited to, any reproduction rights in any property. Contents of this catalogue are subject to change or supplementation before or during the sale, including the sale of any lot.
2. Prospective bidders should inspect the property before bidding to determine its condition, size, and whether or not it has been repaired or restored.
3. A buyer’s premium will be added to the successful bid price and is payable by the purchaser as part of the total purchase price. If paying by cash or check, the purchase price will be the sum of the final bid price plus a buyer’s premium of 20% of the final bid price of each lot up to and including $1,000,000 and 12% of the excess of the final bid price above $1,000,000, plus any applicable sales tax, shipping and handling charges. The buyer’s premium is calculated separately for each lot. If paying by credit card, the purchase price will be the sum of the final bid price plus a buyer’s premium of 23% of the final bid price for each lot up to and including $1,000,000 and 15% of the excess of the final bid price above $1,000,000, plus any applicable sales tax, shipping and handling charges.
4. The Jackson Hole Art Auction reserves the right to withdraw any property before or during the sale and shall have no liability whatsoever for such withdrawal.
5. Except as may be announced by the auctioneer, all bids are per lot, as numbered in the catalogue.
6. The Jackson Hole Art Auction reserves the right to reject any bid. The highest bidder acknowledged by the auctioneer will be the purchaser, subject to reserves. In the event of any dispute between bidders, or in the event of doubt as to the validity of any bid, the auctioneer will have the final discretion to determine the successful bidder, cancel the sale, or to reoffer and resell the article in dispute. If any dispute arises after the sale, the Jackson Hole Art Auction’s sale record shall be final and conclusive. The Jackson Hole Art Auction, in its discretion, may execute orders or absentee bids as a convenience to clients who are not present at the auction; however, the Jackson Hole Art Auction is not responsible for any errors or omissions in connection therewith.
7. If the auctioneer, in his or her discretion, determines that any bid is below the reserve of the article offered, he or she may reject the same and withdraw the article from sale, and, if having acknowledged an opening or other bid, the auctioneer decides that any advance thereafter is insufficient, he or she may reject the advance.
8. On the fall of the auctioneer’s gavel, the highest bidder acknowledged by the auctioneer assumes full risk and responsibility for the offered lot, subject to all of the terms and conditions set forth herein, and is immediately obligated to pay the full purchase price or such parts thereof as the Jackson Hole Art Auction may then require. All sales are final, and there shall be no exchanges or returns. Payment shall be made by cash, check, wire transfer, Visa, MasterCard, or American Express. (See, paragraph 3 above: “If paying by credit card . . .”) In addition to other remedies available to us by law, the Jackson Hole Art Auction reserves the right to impose, from the date of sale, a late charge of 1.5% per month (18% per annum) of the total purchase price, if payment is not made in accordance with the conditions set forth
a. All property must be removed by the purchaser at his or her expense not later than (10) business days following the sale, and if it is not so removed, (i) a handling charge of 1% of the total purchase price per month from the tenth day after the sale (until its removal) will be payable to us by the purchaser, with a minimum of 5% of the total purchase price due for any property not so removed within 60 days after the sale, and (ii) we may send the purchased property to a public warehouse for the account, at the risk and expense of the purchaser.
b. If any applicable conditions herein are not complied with by the purchaser, the purchaser will be in default, and in addition to any and all other remedies available to the Jackson Hole Art Auction and its agents and consignors by law, including, without limitation, the right to hold the purchaser liable for the total purchase price, including all fees, charges, and expenses set forth herein, the Jackson Hole Art Auction, at its sole option, may (i) cancel the sale of that, or any other lot or lots sold to the defaulting purchaser, or (ii) resell the purchased property, whether at auction or by private sale, or (iii) effect any combination thereof. The purchaser will be liable for any deficiency, any and all costs, handling charges, late charges, expenses, and commissions of both sales, legal fees, and expenses, collection fees, and incidental damages. In addition, a defaulting purchaser will be deemed to have granted and assigned the property or money to the Jackson Hole Art Auction or its agents and consignors or any of their affiliated companies, and the Jackson Hole Art Auction may retain and apply such property or money as collateral security for the obligations due. The Jackson Hole Art Auction and its agents and consignors shall have all of the rights accorded to a secured party under the Wyoming Uniform Commercial Code. The purchaser of each lot agrees that each lot is unique and that the Jackson Hole Art Auction, in its sole discretion, shall not be required to sell or otherwise seek to mitigate damages should such purchaser fail to pay the total purchase price. Payment will not be deemed to have been made in full until the Jackson Hole Art Auction shall have collected good funds. The Jackson Hole Art Auction reserves the right to hold all purchases pending collection of the total purchase price.
9. All lots are subject to a reserve, which is the confidential minimum price acceptable to the consignor. In such instances, the Jackson Hole Art Auction may implement the reserve by bidding on behalf of the consignor. In instances where the Jackson Hole Art Auction has an interest in the lot, it may bid up to the reserve to protect such interest. The Jackson Hole Art Auction, or its agents or consignors, may also bid upon other property listed in this catalogue.
10. Jackson Hole Art Auction is the owner of images of each lot offered for sale and may use such images for its own archival purposes, as well as for advertising and publicity in connection with this or future sales by the Jackson Hole Art Auction.
11. Unless exempted by law, the purchaser will be required to pay all applicable state and local sales, gross receipts, and compensation tax. Proof of exemption in the form of a current Non-Taxable Transaction Certificate must be provided at registration. It is the purchaser’s responsibility to pay any applicable compensating use tax of another state on the total purchase price.
12. These Terms and Conditions of Sale, together with the parties’ respective rights and obligations hereunder, shall be governed by and construed and enforced in accordance with the laws of the State of Wyoming, without regard to Wyoming rules concerning conflicts of law.
13. Prospective bidders and purchasers agree that, in the event of any controversy or claim arising out of or relating to a sale of property, the party asserting such controversy or claim shall provide written notice thereof to the other party, and that any such controversy or claim not settled within fourteen (14) days of delivery of notice by the other party, including any controversy or claim arising from or relating to the sale, or to these Terms and Conditions of Sale, including the terms of this paragraph, shall be resolved and settled by binding arbitration in Jackson Hole, Wyoming, or such other place upon which the parties may agree, in writing; such arbitration shall be pursuant to the commercial arbitration rules of the American Arbitration Association then in effect; the award, which shall include costs of arbitration and an award of reasonable attorneys’ fees to the prevailing party, shall be final, and the judgment on the award may be entered in any court having jurisdiction.
14. The Jackson Hole Art Auction may, in its discretion and at a purchaser’s request, package and ship items as directed by the purchaser. In such event, purchaser agrees to the following conditions:
a. All such packaging, handling and shipping is at the sole risk of the purchaser, and the Jackson Hole Art Auction shall have no liability for any loss or damage to such items.
b. A $100 packaging, handling and shipping deposit will be included on purchase invoice. The balance of the packaging, handling, and shipping charges will be billed after services are completed. Please allow 4-6 weeks for shipping.
15. Auction Results are posted on the various bidding platforms.
16. Bidding increments will be as follow but may vary at the auctioneer’s discretion
Under $2,000: $100
$2,000 – $5,000: $250
$5,000 – $10,000: $500
$10,000 – $20,000: $1,000
$20,000 – $50,000: $2,500
$50,000 – $100,000: $5,000
$100,000 – $200,000: $10,000
$200,000 – $500,000: $25,000
$500,000 – $1,000,000: $50,000
$1,000,000 and up: $100,000
A recent Supreme Court ruling has led to changes nationwide regarding sales tax laws. In 2018 the Supreme Court of the United States ruled against Wayfair in favor of the state of South Dakota regarding the state’s right to collect sales tax on online purchases from a business without a physical presence in that state. This decision changed the existing status quo and has created a precedent for other states to collect sales tax from businesses without a physical presence in their state.
The new laws vary from state to state and require all businesses (not just auction houses) to collect sales tax if they meet a given state’s threshold for an economic nexus. An economic nexus is used in place of a physical presence in the state and can be met by either a total sales amount limit into that state or a total number of individual transactions into that state.
Currently the Jackson Hole Art Auction has met the threshold for an economic nexus in the following states: Alabama, Arizona, Colorado, Connecticut, Florida, Idaho, Kansas, Nevada, New Mexico, North Carolina, Oklahoma, Tennessee, Texas, Utah, Wisconsin, Washington, and Wyoming. If the purchaser is shipping to any of these states, the Jackson Hole Art Auction is required by law to add the appropriate state and local sales tax to the purchaser’s invoice.
The following states do not currently have sales tax and/or applicable economic nexus laws, and as a result the Jackson Hole Art Auction is not required to collect sales tax from Alaska, Delaware, Montana, New Hampshire, or Oregon.
Due to the variable nature of auction sales, and the small window in which they occur, the Jackson Hole Art Auction does not yet know if the states not listed above will require sales tax collection, as that will be determined by the total dollar amount sold into each state—which cannot be predicted. The Jackson Hole Art Auction will be tracking these totals live during the sale using tax software, and will strive to inform the purchaser at the time of invoicing if sales tax collection is required; however, it may be necessary to bill for sales tax post-sale if the threshold for an economic nexus in the purchaser’s state is met after the purchaser has paid.
Even if the Jackson Hole Art Auction is not required to collect sales tax from the purchaser’s state, unless exempted by law, the purchaser will be required to pay all applicable state and local sales, gross receipts, and compensation tax per the terms and conditions.
If the purchaser has a valid resale certificate, the purchaser will not be required to pay sales tax. Please provide a copy of this certificate at the time of registration for tax compliance.